OSTEOARTHRITIS

OSTEOATHRITIS

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease worldwide and is a major cause of long-lasting disability in older people.1-3

Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage within a joint breaks down or gets damaged. Freely moveable joints like the knee and hands are called synovial joints. The ends of bones within synovial joints are covered in cartilage, a smooth substance which functions as a shock absorber.

KNEE OSTEOATHRITIS

In an osteoarthritic knee, the break down of the joint cartilage breaks causes the bones of the knee to rub together and results in one of the primary symptoms of knee Osteoarthritis: pain.

This knee pain may follow a pattern, for example, it may be low level pain with intermittent intense flare-ups; pain may be associated with certain activities, such as climbing the stairs; and pain and stiffness may be worse after prolonged inactivity or rest, such as getting out of bed in the morning.7

OTHER OSTEOARTHRITIS

  • Hands
  • Hip
  • Neck and back
  • Foot

What I need to remember?

Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease worldwide
and is a major cause of long-lasting disability in older people. 1-3

Choose an answer

OSTEOARTHRITIS SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

There are a large range of Osteoarthritis symptoms with the most common being: 12

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Limited movement

What I need to remember?

Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage within
a joint breaks down or gets damaged. 4,5

PAIN AND SYMPTOM MANAGEMENT

The intensity of osteoarthritis pain varies from person to person and can range from mild to severe.14

Even though pain isn’t always curable, you and your doctor can work together to develop a comprehensive pain management plan that will bring you relief. Some tips to help manage symptoms are: 15

NUTRITION AND OSTEOARTHRITIS

Eating a healthy, balanced diet is best for your overall health but can also help manage osteoarthritis.

Importantly, balanced nutrition can also allow you to lose weight if needed, which in turn can help relieve osteoarthritis symptoms. In addition to a balanced diet, certain foods have been shown to fight inflammation, strengthen bones and boost the immune system. Adding these foods to your diet may help ease osteoarthritis symptoms:16

EXERCISE AND OSTEOARTHRITIS

Regular physical activity can help improve osteoarthritis pain, function, mood, and quality of life without making symptoms worse.

Here are some example exercises that could help:

EMOTIONAL SUPPORT

The support of friends and family members is vital for minimising the effect of osteoarthritis on your well-being and your ability to perform daily activities.20

It is very important to take care of your mental health, people with osteoarthritis often suffer from anxiety and depression and there is no shame in asking for help.21,22

If you feel you would benefit from support, talk to your doctor or seek the help of osteoarthritis support groups and networks in your community.

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Did you know ?

What is the percentage of people affected by osteoarthritis over 65 years old?

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The right answer is 30 to 50%

True of false?

You can’t or shouldn’t exercise once you’ve got osteoarthritis.

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The Truth: You should be physically active when you have arthritis. Not only will appropriate activities decrease your osteoarthritis pain, they can improve range of motion, function, and reduce disability.

Did you know ?

What is the percentage of people affected by osteoarthritis over 65 years old?

Choose an answer